Sometimes you think your child urinates more frequently than expected. It might be normal and sometimes there could be an underlying medical condition behind this. Continue reading to know the causes of this condition and how you can help your children to overcome this issue.
Last Updated: Oct 22, 2020 11:29 GMT
What is frequent urination?
The International Children's Continence Society defines “frequent urination” as a condition when a child five years of age or older urinates eight or more times during waking hours. When you feel the condition persists for a longer duration, it is ideal to consult a pediatrician. It is important to remember the following information when you consider meeting a doctor.
1. Urination frequency and the amount of urination.
2. Is your child waking up at night often to urinate?
3. Your child may have a feeling to go to the toilet frequently without a necessity.
4. After adequate potty training, your child faces accidents.
5. If your child has pain during urination.
Sometimes there may not be any specific reason for frequent urination in kids. The simple reason could be your child might have drunk huge amounts of fluids, not because of the thirst but as a mere habit. Sometimes constipation can also be linked to frequent urination.
Frequent urination can also be linked to emotional stress or a life changing event. Sometimes the problem can also worsen up by criticizing the condition, bullying and punishment.
The other medical reasons for the condition include:
1. Voiding Dysfunction
In this condition, your children may not develop the habit of emptying the bladder as they are in a hurry to go back to their playtime. If you feel your child has this condition, make your child develop the habit to empty the bladder every time he goes to the bathroom and stick him to a schedule on going to the bathroom every two to three hours.
2. Vulvovaginitis or Balanitis
Sometimes there can be an inflammation around the vaginal area in girls called vulvovaginitis that causes frequent urination. In boys, inflammation can be seen in the meatus or opening of the penis called balanitis that results in frequent urination.
3. Diabetes Mellitus
Sometimes frequent urination can be linked to type 1 diabetes or juvenile diabetes. When you suspect this condition, you can also observe other symptoms like polydipsia (drinking lots of water) and loss of weight in your child. To test for this condition, a urinalysis will be done to measure the levels of glucose, ketones in the urine.
4. Urinary Tract Infection
Children with urinary tract infection also have a tendency to urinate more frequently but have other symptoms like pain during urination, fever, producing cloudy or bloody urine. They also have an urgency to urinate and have nausea and back pain. Children with these symptoms need to have a urinalysis and urine culture to find the bacteria that is responsible for causing urinary tract infection.
This is also called as frequent daytime urination syndrome and is common in the age group of 4 to 6 years. Children with this syndrome tend to urinate small amounts of urine 10 to 30 times a day. This syndrome may be linked to stress and the exact trigger is not identified yet. Without any treatment, the condition may get resolved in a few weeks or months’ time.
6. Diabetes Insipidus This is considered to be a rare cause of frequent urination and happens due to the lack of antidiuretic hormone (ADH). The hormone ADH allows the kidneys to absorb water. When there is a deficiency, the kidneys cannot conserve water and the child becomes very thirsty. How long does this condition last?
If the cause of emotional stress is identified and there are no medical reasons for the condition, the condition goes away in 1 to 4 weeks. Without any specific treatment, the symptoms can also resolve in two to three months.
How can I help my child?
1. Even if you identify problems with the urinary tract, you can instill confidence in your child that he is healthy and things will get better over a period of time.
2. Identify the stress related to the condition. The stress can be related to school or any change in family events like death, accident, tension, a sick parent. Relaxation and play time can be stress busters.
3. Stop discussing the symptoms with your child that is related to urination frequency, how many times he is urinating a day, etc.
4. Avoid bubble baths and use strong soaps and irritants on the genitals.