Baby Health Issues

Babies face minor health issues during their first year of their lives. Most of these health issues go away on its own. Learn the common health issues in babies.

Last Updated: 23 October 2020

Baby Health Issues
Baby Health Issues

Baby Health Issues

Babies are prone to acquire infections and minor health problems from time to time. As their system is under construction, some health issues may be a sign of their developmental process. Learn the common health issues in babies like jaundice, digestive problems, skin problems, fever, cold and flu.

Birth Injuries

During the process of birth, some babies may suffer from physical injuries called birth injuries which are due to the use of forceps and other medical instruments used to get the baby out of the birth canal. Some of the common birth injuries include a broken collarbone, muscle weakness, forceps marks. Most birth injuries are resolved quickly and some severe injuries require treatment.

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Most premature and some full term babies develop newborn jaundice. It’s nothing but when your baby’s skin and white part of his eyes appear yellow, within a few days after birth. This yellow coloration is due to accumulation of bilirubin in your baby’s blood. Since a premature baby’s liver is not mature enough to process the bilirubin, there is an accumulation of it in the blood and the end result is jaundice. As the baby’s liver gets matured, it can filter the bilirubin and the jaundice goes away. If it persists for more than three weeks, adequate treatment is required to prevent further damage.


If a baby cries continuously for no apparent reason, he is termed as a colic baby. Though the exact reason for the condition is not known, colic may be due to stomach pain and any other problems associated with the growing digestive system of babies. Sometimes colicky may be due to intolerance to the formula milk that your baby consumes. The condition is seen from two weeks and subsides during the third month of a baby. If the problem does not resolve, consult a doctor.

Abdominal distention

This problem is common in newborns which are due to swallowing of excess air while feeding. Newborns have protruding bellies. If you find your baby’s belly to be hard and swollen between feeds, it could be because of constipation or gas. Sleuthing will give relief. If you notice much distention in the abdomen, seek medical advice.  

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Spitting up milk is common in newborns which are due to immature sphincter muscles between the stomach and the esophagus. Burp your baby frequently to avoid spitting up milk. Spitting large amounts of milk can be a sign of any problem. Overfeeding or intolerance to formula milk can be the cause of vomiting in formula fed babies. If your child is vomiting forcefully, has green bile or blood during vomiting or becomes lethargic, take the help of a pediatrician in solving the issue. Offer your child electrolyte solution to prevent dehydration.


A bowel movement that is watery and more frequent indicates diarrhea. Rotavirus can cause diarrhea in kids during 6 to 24 months of age. Sometimes diarrhea could be due to milk allergy. Keep your child hydrated with water and oral saline. If you notice blood in your baby’s stools, contact a pediatrician immediately.


Constipation or hard stools is noticed when a baby starts eating solid foods or when they are put on whole milk diet. Try changing the food pattern to solve the issue.

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Bluish skin and apnea

Newborns have bluish hands and feet. As the baby’s body’s blood circulation gets adjusted, the bluish color fades away on its own. But if the condition persists for a longer time, it could be a sign of any organ dysfunction.

Skin Problems

The common skin problems in babies are diaper rash and cradle cap. Diaper rash are because when babies wear the same diaper for a longer duration of time. Frequent change of diapers and using a good brand diaper rash cream can give relief to this issue. Cradle cap is due to excess production of oil by skin glands. Olive oil and topical steroids can be used to treat cradle cap.


Fever is a sign that your baby’s body is fighting against infection. Mild fever does not require treatment. High fever (>102F) can lead to seizures and brain damage which requires immediate treatment.


Some babies might cough during feeding if the flow of milk is too fast while feeding. Continuous coughing and gagging while feeding may indicate a problem with the lungs or the digestive system. Coughing at night continuously may indicate whooping cough or respiratory problems. If you notice prolonged periods of cough while feeding or during night, consult your doctor immediately.

Cold and flu

Most babies have cold and flu when they face the new environment. The good thing is it builds your child’s immunity and most of them subside on its own. Rarely some cold and flu can develop into pneumonia.  

Respiratory Distress

Newborns may take a few hours to breathe normally. Once breathing is well established, she might not feel any difficulties. Sometimes breathing difficulties may be due to blockage in the nasal passage, which can be corrected with the use of saline drops. When you notice features like rapid breathing, grunting while breathing, flaring of your baby’s nose and blue skin color that does not fade, consult your doctor immediately.

Ear infections

Ear infections are common in children between six months and three years of age. The sign of ear infections are tugging of ear and fussy behavior. Most ear infections get subsided without medicines. Some infections require treatment with antibiotics. If you notice a high fever, blood discharge from your child’s ear, contact your doctor immediately.

Oral thrush (Oral candidiasis)

Oral thrush is a yeast infection that causes white lesions on the tongue or inner cheeks of your baby. Antifungal medications resolve the issue.


Baby Health issues are endless. Most of them happen to strengthen your baby’s immunity and some happen as a part of developmental process. Practice good hygiene, take care of your baby’s vaccinations and ensure that she is in a healthy environment.  

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